Weights range from 80-225 pounds (36-103 kg), averaging 140 (64 kg). Eastern Cougar Fact Sheet Eastern Cougar Puma concolor cougar New York Status: Extirpated Federal Status: Extinct Description The cougar is known by many common names, including puma, mountain lion, catamount, and panther. It has speed and agility and is a Eastern Cougar North Carolina Wildlife Profiles Range Map Sadly, extinct for many years. They have been absent from this state since the late 1800s; however, there have been a few isolated sightings. However, on January 22, the Eastern cougar subspecies was officially declared extinct in the U.S. and removed from the endangered species list by the U.S. In the 1970s, an estimated 20 Florida panthers remained in the wild, but their numbers had increased to an estimated 230 by 2017. The map from that publication is shown below, with the current mountain lion range in green and confirmed mountain lion locations as black dots. The cougar has the largest geographic range of any native terrestrial mammal in the Western Hemisphere. The cougar occupies the most extensive range of any New World terrestrial mammal, from the Canadian Yukon to the southern tip of South America. The cougar (also known as mountain lion, panther, painter, catamount, puma, and other names) was once one of the most widely distributed mammals in the Western Hemisphere. It is officially listed as an endangered species by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) and receives full protection in Nova Scotia. Fish and Wildlife Service. For a continually updated range map of cougar sightings, please see The Cougar Network Confirmations page. I’ve received a lot of worried messages and comments on social media about the recent U.S. By Robert J. Galbraith for the Montreal Gazette August 2011 In 1938, Quebec’s last known cougar was shot by a hunter near the Maine border. Range. The eastern cougar is not extinct, it never existed–here is a mountain lion from the west, which genetics confirm is as much an eastern cougar as those cats that historically roamed New England. Puma concolor is historically the widest ranging land mammal in the Western Hemisphere, aside from humans. Cougar guide: how to identify, diet and habitat. The cougar is known to be an excellent hunter in all weather conditions and it is an expert swimmer and good climber. Range. The cougar (Puma concolor) also commonly known as the mountain lion puma panther or catamount is a large felid of the subfamily Felinae native to the Americas. Eastern Cougar Sightings Mountain Lions in New York. A French naturalist created the name "cougar" by combining "puma" with "jaguar." Deer too need some cover to escape from predators. Inhabiting various ecosystems from mountains to deserts to sea-level, the cougar’s established range includes western North America, a small region in Florida, and most of South America. Next to the jaguar, it is the largest North American cat. Eastern Cougar - Felis concolor cougar. The cats were hunted until only their ghosts remained. Early settlers believed the eastern cougar (Puma concolor couguar) was a danger to livestock and to humans, and a competitor for wild game. This stealthy felid dash goes by several names, including mountain lion, puma and cougar dash; is among the most adaptable big cats in the world – find out more about this fascinating species in our expert guide. Because of this, the cougar is called around 40 different names, such as puma, mountain lion, and panther. This subspecies includes populations in western Canada, the western United States, Florida, Mexico and Central America, and possibly South America northwest of the Andes Mountains. Ecology. Sight is their most acute sense, hearing is well developed, but their sense of smell is not particularly acute. The eastern cougar is known by many names-panther, painter, puma, mountain lion, or carcajou. Both deer and cougars like dense vegetation. The cougar is known by many common names, including puma, mountain lion, catamount, and panther. Today, whitetail deer populations have rebounded over much of the cougar's former range and a few animals have appeared in more eastern states such as Missouri and Arkansas. In 1982, the Florida panther was chosen as … Its range, from the Canadian Yukon to the southern Andes of South America is the greatest of any large wild terrestrial mammal in the Western Hemisphere. The last documented cougar specimen taken in eastern North America was trapped in Maine near the Quebec border in 1938. Each sighting involved cougars that are not native to New York. The North American cougar (Puma concolor couguar) is a cougar subspecies in North America.It was once common in eastern North America, and is still prevalent in the western half of the continent. It is the only confirmed cougar population in the eastern United States, and currently occupies 5% of its historic range. While for cougars, such vegetation offers stalk cover, for deer, it is an escape cover. Next to the jaguar, it is the largest North American cat. Alabama is no different, and wildlife officials regularly receive calls and e-mails about cougars seen in the state.

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