Hannibal of Carthage’s Crossing of the Alps is widely recognized as one of the greatest military achievements in ancient history. In 218 BC, Hannibal marched an army consisting of soldiers, mules, horses and elephants from Spain, over the Alps, and into Italy to attack the Romans at the start of the Second Punic War. This river crossing is celebrated in its own right as being one that was clearly conceived and crisply executed. In The Histories, Polybius records Hannibal losing over half of his troops during the alpine crossing, or about 33,000 soldiers. Hannibal crossing the Rhone. d. The Battle of the Scouting Parties. Cornelius Scipio landed at Marseilles, and was surprised to find that Hannibal had reached the Rhone.. c. Crossing the Rhone. He moved north along the Rhône. Hannibal Barca, of Carthage - Crossing the Alps - Duration: 3:26. yaron margolin Recommended for you. We have just crossed Hannibal’s first big natural obstacle on his way to Italy – the Rhone river. They recreate Hannibal's historic crossing of the River Rhone before cycling on to the town of Maillane, where the remains of one of Hannibal… Hannibal lived during a period of great tension in the Medit… In a War Game before W.W. II, Patton had to cross rivers without using any existing bridge. The Battle of the Rhône Crossing took place during the Second Punic War. 11 For an attempt to work out the technical aspects of this version of the crossing, see Philipp, J., ‘ Wie hat Hannibal die Elefanten über die Rhone gesetzt ’, Klio 11 (1911), 343 –54. Hannibal supposedly decorated the great barges to look like an extension of the land, with trees and earth. Hannibal fought his first major battle, not against the Romans, but facing instead the combined forces of three Celtiberian tribes in northwest Spain, the Olcades, the Vaccaei, and the Carpetani. A lieutenant came upon a tank sitting in a … But now he would get his hands full with the Scipios. Looking at the characteristics of each type of elephant may provide insight into which species would have been preferable for Hannibal’s needs. Hannibal moved north, crossed the river Ebro (Iberia) and crossed the Pyrenees. Hannibal … He then led a … Credit: Tour de Travoy For years, historians disagreed on exactly which pass Hannibal took through the mountains, although a consensus seems to have been reached in recent years that Col de la Traversette is the most likely route, at an altitude of 2,947 meters (9,670 feet). Hannibal set out to cross the Alps and lost many of his men caused by slippery slopes and Gallic attacks. But when he did come the Alps weren't a big problem for him. existed at the time when Hannibal crossed the Rhone a few years before the road was made; and by reckoning Hannibal’s march according to the Roman milestones, Polybios rather implies that Hannibal came that way. On his way he negotiated or fought his way through Celtic territories. The plan was Hasdrubal would follow Hannibal into Italy. Produced by: Nava Rastegar, Lucah Rosenberg-Lee In this raw and graceful testimony of intersectional womanhood, a trans girl has to care for her Italian grandmother. ( Wikipedia) It has not been determined whether Hannibal used Asian elephants, African elephants, or a combination of the two. When crossing the Rhone, Hannibal created a gigantic raft covered in dirt and plants to fool the elephants into getting on board. Much of Hannibal's marches are shrouded in debate, especially the debate concerning the path he opted to employ over the Alps. We broadcast from our Quincy 48th Street location on Thursday evenings and Sunday mornings. Hannibal's Army Crossing the Rhone, Henri Paul Motte, 1878. Where exactly he crossed isn’t known, but Polybius says it was four days march north of the mouth of the river. During the Second Punic War, the Carthaginian general Hannibal led his army, including elephants, from Spain into Gaul, then across the Alps into northern Italy... Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images However, it is absolutely clear where Hannibal encamped his army on the western bank on the Rhone, and this subject is no longer disputed by historians. His army’s legendary 1,600 kilometer campaign towards the center of the Italian peninsula marched across the Pyrenees plains, the Rhone … Where exactly Hannibal crossed isn’t known, but Polybius says it was four days march north of the mouth of the river. ... Hannibal of Carthage: The Battle of the Rhone Crossing - Duration: 27:57. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hannibal (247 – 183/182 BC) was a Punic Carthaginian military commander and tactician, generally considered one of the greatest military commanders in history. Artists rendering of Hannibal’s troops crossing the Alps. He was returning from a successful campaign against the Vaccaei and t… As a side note, both Livy and Polybius describe an elaborate method used to get the elephants across the Rhone river before crossing the Alps. The first of these great obstacles came at the 800 yard wide Rhone River. The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Picture Collection, The New York Public Library. Once arrived at the point where he wanted to cross the river he sa w a Celtic tribe waiting for him and his army on the other side of the river. The feat alone of transporting an entire army of men and elephants to Italy is evidence of Hannibal’s military aptitude. Episode 3: Crossing the Rhone. From the Roman amphitheatre of Arles, the brothers retrace Hannibal's steps through the south of France to the foothills of the Alps. His father, Hamilcar Barca, was the leading Carthaginian commander during the First Punic War, his younger brothers were Mago and Hasdrubal, and he was brother-in-law to Hasdrubal the Fair. 49.5 Hannibal, marching steadily from the crossing-place for four days, reached a place called the "Island," a populous district producing abundance of corn and deriving its name from its situation; 49.6 for the Rhone and Iskaras running along each side of it meet at its point. The pro-Roman Volcae, acting on behalf of a Roman army camped on the east bank near Massalia, intended to prevent the Carthaginians from crossing and invading Italy. Hannibal’s crossing of the Rhone – Novo Scriptorium Hannibal’s crossing of the Rhone Publius bound for Iberia with sixty ships and Tiberius Sempronius for Africa with a hundred and sixty quinqueremes. Polybius about Hannibal’s crossing of the Alps The Rhone rises north-west of the head of the Adriatic on the northern slope of the Alps, and running in a … Starting from Hispania in 218 BC he fought his way north and crossed the Pyrenees, marching east to the Rhone, before heading into the Alps with 38,000 infantry, 8,000 cavalry and 38 elephants. In Secrets of the Dead: Hannibal in the Alps, a team of experts – explorers, archaeologists, and scientists – combine state-of-the-art technology, ancient texts, and a … Hannibal crossing the Rhone, 218 BC . "Hannibal crossing the Rhone" The New York Public Library Digital Collections.1878 - 1894. Devising a plan to circumvent the Volcae, the Carthaginians, before cr… This is difficult to judge due to changes in the coastline over 2000 years, but it was most likely somewhere north of Arles. Hannibal's brilliant military stratagems, as well as the missteps and defensive strategies of the Roman generals are still studied in military history today. MLA Format. At the time, the young Punic general was fresh from having been appointed commander-in-chief of the Carthaginian army in Iberia following the assassination of his brother-in-law, Hasdrubal the Handsome, the previous year. War elephants depicted in Hannibal Barca crossing the Rhône, by Henri Motte, 1878. In the Summer of 220 B.C.E. In any case Hannibal cannot have deviated He then crossed the Rhone river with 38,000 infantry and 8,000 cavalry. Contra, Walbank , F. , Historical Commentary on Polybius ( Oxford , 1957 ), i . He descended with just a few surviving elephants, 20,000 infantry and 4,000 cavalry. While Rome had been idle and leaving her allies in Catalonia to their fate at the hands of the Carthiginians, the Massiliot… It worked. She assumes that her Nonna disapproves of her - but instead discovers a tender bond in their shared vulnerability. Hannibal crossed the Rhone in the face of a large army of Volcae by sending Hanno upstream to outflank the enemy. Hannibal crossing the Rhône Hannibal’s combination of subterfuge, technological innovation, expert planning and even using animal psychology to trick the elephants by making them think that rafts were a land bridge make me feel pretty humbled that I couldn’t even manage to have my cabinet stocked with cereal this morning. What we do know with more certainty is that his crossing was opposed by the Volcae – an aggressive local Gallic tribe. To add to the difficulty of crossing such a body of water, the Volcae people, natives of the Rhone … At the beginning of the treacherous passage, the Carthaginian general entered Gaul with 50,000 infantry and 9,000 cavalry. But Hannibal did nothing like this. This part of the story about the life of Hannibal of Carthage deals with his crossing into Gaul, dealing with friendly and hostile Celtic Tribes and the Battle of the Rhone. The Crossing - Hannibal is located in the Orpheum Theater on the corner of 5th and Broadway. H ANNIBAL CROSSING THE R HONE Hannibal's father was Hamilcar, a Carthaginian general in the First Punic War. The Carthaginian army under Hannibal Barca, while marching to Italy in the autumn of 218 BC, fought an army of the ethnically-Gaulish Volcae tribe on the east bank of the Rhone River possibly near Aurasio. His precise route through the Alps has been debated for years.

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