Indonesian wobbegongs live in Indonesian waters, and Japanese wobbbegongs live in…you guessed it, … They often lie still on the bottom while waiting for prey to swim close to their mouths. New research suggests that the spotted wobbegong shark aggregates in 'social' groups, as opposed to previous assumptions that shark groupings were chance occurrences influenced by … ©2020 Georgia Aquarium 225 Baker Street Northwest, Atlanta, GA. Georgia Aquarium is a nonprofit committed to inspiring awareness and preservation of our ocean and aquatic animals worldwide. They have an powerful jaw and will bite if provoked. AMRI staff use DNA to uncover some of the mystery surrounding the diet and behaviour of the Smalltooth Cookiecutter Shark. The caudal (tail) fins are short and their pectoral and pelvic fins are broad. The litters of spotted wobbegongs are large, in one case up to 37 pups were born from one female. The Spotted Wobbegong differs from Orectolobus halei in having saddles with whitish rings and blotches, and more dermal lobes (6-10) at the rear end of the preorbital group. Daily Critter Facts With over 400 known species of sharks worldwide, one of the more interesting is the wobbegong shark. Preys on bottom invertebrates and bony fishes. The International Shark Attack File reports 16 confirmed bites to humans by spotted wobbegongs of which only 2 were not provoked. Wobbegongs feed mostly at night time and they eat fish, crayfish, crabs and octopus. Their body and heads are flattened in shape, and their jaws protrude forward when capturing prey. The Spotted Wobbegong is native to areas of Australia along the Pacific and the Indian Oceans between 20 to 40 degrees South. Most of the species have a maximum length of about 1.25 … It has been observed in water barely deep enough to cover it. Wildscreen's Arkive project was launched in 2003 and grew to become the world's biggest encyclopaedia of life on Earth. This species is commonly found on or near the bottom on coral and rocky reefs, under piers, and on sandy bottoms. During breeding season, males are attracted to females when they release pheromones into the water. Spotted wobbegong is a bottom-dwelling shark whose range includes the eastern Indian Ocean, Southern and Western Australia, Japan and the South China Sea. The bite can cause severe lacerations, and the spotted wobbegong is known to clamp down on its victim without letting go. Spotted wobbegong is a master of escaping notice in plain sight. Spotted wobbegongs, like other wobbegong species, have nasal barbels and hanging tassels on and around their head and body. Beginner Environmental Leadership Program, www.elasmo-research.org/education/ecology/id-orectolobiformes.htm, Alliance of Marine Mammals Parks & Aquariums (AMMPA), International Marine Animal Trainer's Association (IMATA). Spotted wobbegong sharks, Orectolobus maculatus, feed at night on octopuses, crabs, lobsters, sea bass, and luderick. Its head and body are very flattened and the pectoral and pelvic fins are broad. The name “wobbegong” is Australian aboriginal in origin, but its exact meaning is unknown. Melville’s Whale Was a Warning We Failed to Heed, Amanda Jelena Radoman: Manatees being fed sweet potatoes… while looking like sweet potatoes, Trying to Make Sense of This Overwhelming World. The Japanese wobbegong occurs in the Northwest Pacific, from Japan, China and Korea to Vietnam, and possibly the Philippines (although that may refer to an additional wobbegong species). Wobbegongs eat crustaceans like crabs and lobsters, as well as fish and other sharks. Adults most commonly occur on algae-covered rocky reefs and meadows of sea grass or sand, while juveniles are mostly found in estuaries. 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A few branching skin flaps run continuously from the pectoral fins around the front of the head forming a lace-like beard below the mouth. Since 1998, the MarineBio Conservation Society has been a nonprofit volunteer marine conservation and science education group working online together to educate the world about ocean life, marine biology, marine conservation, and a sea ethic. Habitat The spotted wobbegong mostly occurs over the continental shelves. However, others are smaller in size and can only grow up to about 4 feet (1.2 m) maximum length. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The species possess a spiracle, which allows it to breathe while remaining motionless on the bottom. A beard of fleshy tassels further obscures the outline of the shark’s head, making it very hard to tell where the animal stops and the bottom begins. The spotted wobbegong in particular is more common around Australian waters. Wobbegong sharks are bottom-dwellers known for their common behavior of resting on the bottom of the sea. Wobbegong. It is a tropical species and associated with bays, algal-covered rocky bottoms, and coral reefs of inshore waters from depths of 0-100 m (0-328 ft.) (Compagno 2005). More specif­i­cally, spot­ted wobbe­gong in­habit coral and rocky reefs, es­tu­ar­ies, sea­grass beds, coastal bays, and areas with sandy bot­toms. There have been many sightings of this shark in water barely deep enough to cover its entire body. They are likely to be found from the intertidal zone (foreshore) to the depth of about 715 feet (218 m). Spotted wobbegong shark has a distinctive body shape, typical of wobbegong. We use cookies to facilitate a user-friendly experience and track site usage. Shark myths and facts. Learn how your comment data is processed. Journey with Gentle Giants is the only opportunity in the world where you're guaranteed to dive with whale sharks, manta rays and more. Ovoviviparous: eggs are retained within the body of the female in a brood chamber where the embryo develops, receiving nourishment from a yolk sac. Spotted Wobbegong, Orectolobus maculatus (Bonnaterre, 1788) Spotted Wobbegong, Orectolobus maculatus (Bonnaterre, 1788) Discover more. Habitat: Temperate rocky reefs and bays. This is the method of reproduction for the “live-bearing” fishes where pups hatch from egg capsules inside the mother’s uterus and are born soon afterward. With the help of over 7,000 of the world’s best wildlife filmmakers and photographers, conservationists and scientists, Arkive.org featured multi-media fact-files for more than 16,000 endangered species. Spotted wobbegong sharks, Orectolobus maculatus (Bonnaterre, 1788), aka wobbegongs, reach a maximum length of 3.2 m with the average size of adult males between 1.5-1.8m. A nocturnal species, the spotted wobbegong feeds at night and rests in sandy bottoms, coral reefs, and coastal bays in the day. Its flesh is sometimes eaten and its skin is sometimes utilized for leather. It is speculated that it may mean “living rock.”. Commonly observed on the Great Barrier Reef. It prefers clearer water than does its close relative, the spotted wobbe… Jump in on a wide variety of experiences and events that will make your trip to Georgia Aquarium even more memorable. Location: West Pacific. The name Wobbegong is believed to come from an Australian Aboriginal word that means “shaggy beard.”The name refers to the growths around the shark’s mouth. A taxon is Near Threatened when it has been evaluated against the criteria but does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered or Vulnerable now, but is close to qualifying for or is likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future. They might look like lumpy carpets, and be named after an unfamiliar Australian Aboriginal word (apparently meaning "shaggy beard"), but make no mistake – wobbegongs are definitely sharks.Known as “carpet sharks” because of the ornate patterns on their bodies, wobbegong species include the spotted wobbegong and the floral banded wobbegong. Resting quietly on the bottom, this species is almost undetectable. They have 2 dorsal fins, the first originating over their pelvis, the second just before their anal fin. Spotted Wobbegong sharks are bilaterally symmetrical, have a yellow-green or brown color with distinctive O-shaped spots, and can reach a length of 3.2 meters. The body and fins display a somber variegated pattern featuring obscure dark saddles on the back and densely covered with pale ring-shaped markings. If you continue to use this site, you consent to our use of cookies. These caves are often shared with small schooling fishes. Elasmodiver.com – image database of sharks, skates, rays, and chimaera’s from around the world by Andy Murch, Research Orectolobus maculatus @Barcode of Life ~ BioOne ~ Biodiversity Heritage Library ~ CITES ~ Cornell Macaulay Library ~ Encyclopedia of Life (EOL) ~ ESA Online Journals ~ FishBase ~ Florida Museum of Natural History Ichthyology Department ~ GBIF ~ Google Scholar ~ ITIS ~ IUCN RedList (Threatened Status) ~ Marine Species Identification Portal ~ NCBI (PubMed, GenBank, etc.) 2 dorsal fins, an anal fin, and on sand or rocky reef bottoms are. This length wobbegong is the largest carpet shark in this group although it has distinctive! Down to about 100m deep on sand or rocky reef bottoms in one case up 37... And rocky reefs and meadows of sea grass or sand, while juveniles are mostly in... ) fins are broad one clasper into the water their mouths in insular and continental shelf from intertidal to! 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